Thursday, December 5, 2019

Avoidant Personality Disorder Essay Example For Students

Avoidant Personality Disorder Essay From the moment a person is born, his or her personalitybegins to take shape. In infancy, childhood, and lateradolescence, the individual explores a multitude of behaviors. Of all the behaviors, or personalities, the person experiences,one of them will stick with them until the day they die. Unfortunately, each specific personality also contain apersonality disorder. Personality disorders can result inanxiety attacks, depression, and to a certain level, suicide. One of the most unique personality disorders is the AvoidantPersonality Disorder. The DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994)describes Avoidant Personality Disorder as: a persuasive patternof social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, andhypersensitivity to negative evaluation, beginning by earlychildhood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated byfour (or more) of the following traits:1.) avoids occupational activities that involvesignificant interpersonal contact because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection2.) is unwilling to get involved with people unlesscertain of being liked3.) shows restraint within intimate relationshipsbecause of the fear of being shamed or ridiculed4.) is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected insocial situations5.) is inhibited in new interpersonal situations becauseof feelings of inadequacy6.) views self as socially inept, personally unappealing,or inferior to others7.) is usually reluctant to take personal risks or toengage in nay new activities because they may proveembarrassingAvoidant Personalit y Disorder usually starts at earlyadulthood. The American Psychiatric Association is convincedthat an equal amount of men and women experience this personalitydisorder. According to one other study by Greenberg Stravynski, more men are being referred for professional helpthan women (Long). The reason for this is because societyusually expects men to be the initiators in relationships withwomen. People that suffer from Avoidant Personality Disorderdisplay traits such as timidity, shyness, and a withdrawingbehavior. Avoidants, people that suffer from AvoidantPersonality Disorder, use these traits to hurt others so thatthey can avoid a close relationship with them. They like todisplay their hostility in an ?open? manner by insulting peoplewho try to be friendly. The reason for this is so that they canhandle feared rejection by becoming rejecting themselves. Avoidants reject other people first so that they are not thefirst to be rejected. Most of the time avoidants reject peoplewho woul d have never rejected them in the first place. A victimof this personality disorder is usually affected in one of threeways. First, some avoidants put in considerable time and effortinto making themselves attractive to others. They do this sothey will at least be liked for their looks, if not forthemselves. Second, some make sure that their appearance drivesothers away. Third, some avoidants may dress in the style of theera when the trauma occurred (Long). This action obviouslydisplays that the avoidant is living in his or her past. Speechis also affected in an avoidants life. In fact, most avoidantsuse frequent pauses, and speak very slow, while other avoidantsmay try to be ?outgoing?, possibly due to the false belief thatcontinuous talking will prevent death, an avoidants worst fear(Kantor). Avoidants often test others to determine whether or not theyare being truthful in their friendship. Because they mayfrequently see rejection where it does not exist, people willtend to fail these ?tests? and then later be avoided because theymay reject or humiliate those with Avoidant Personality Disorder. People with Avoidant Personality Disorder have difficultybeginning and keeping relationships. In some cases, avoidantsmay try to be a perfectionist and reject anyone who does not liveup to their perfect standards. The reason for all of thisrejection that avoidants give, is so that if they are rejected,they will find it less painful because they did not like theperson anyway. Some people that have Avoidant PersonalityDisorder even believe that they must avoid intimacy becausegiving love to others reduces the energy they have available forthemselves and that they need for their own life. .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 , .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .postImageUrl , .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 , .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:hover , .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:visited , .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:active { border:0!important; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:active , .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3 .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u25ac7be4805e44d58fcf98a49be348b3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Endocrine System PhysiologyMost people with Avoidant Personality Disorder do not showthe affects that the personality disorder has on them becausethey think that their emotions will make them suffer fromrejection or humiliation. Avoidants tend to have low self-esteemand believe that they are unworthy of being in successfulrelationships. Along with their low self-esteem, they also arevery self-conscious, frequently lonely, and see theiraccomplishments as being too small or worthless. They dischargetheir affection, aggression, and other impulses by ignoringothers around them. They also like to watch television anddaydream to escape from reality (Long). Experts believe that h eredity and prenatal maternal factorsare connected with Avoidant Personality Disorder. There isscientific evidence that proves that a child that lives in atimid environment in infancy is prone to develop AvoidantPersonality Disorder later in life (Kantor). Another importantfactor that contributes to the development of AvoidantPersonality Disorder is parental rejection. Parental Rejectioncan destroy a childs optimism, leaving them with feelings ofsocial isolation. A common question that a rejected child mightask would be, for instance, ?If my parents wont accept me, thenwho will A second factor that Avoidant Personality Disordercould be derived from is peer rejection. When a childs friendsbegin to reject and make fun of them, they begin to criticizethemselves. When children cannot turn to their peers or parentsfor a relationship, they learn to cope with rejection. AvoidantPersonality Disorder may be the result of these actions. To handle the causes, complications, and consequences th atAvoidant Personality Disorder consist of, there are fewapproaches for the treatment of this unique personality disorder. Currently, there are two major types of treatments forpersonality disorders: psychotherapy and pharmacologicaltherapy. Depending whether the patient is suicidal or violentdetermines how the psychiatrist, or therapist, will decide totreat the individual. One type practice that is used inpsychotherapy is called avoidance reduction. It is similar tothe other techniques that are found in other psychotherapies. There are three approaches that are used in avoidance reduction: supportive therapy, positive feedback, and reassurance. Thesethree approaches give the patient encouragement. The other majorform of treatment for personality disorders is pharmacological. There are many types of drugs that doctors prescribe for patientslike these. These drugs are classified as antidepressants. Imipramine, desipramine hydrochloride, doxepin, chlordiazepoxide,and diazepam are some common antidepressants. Avoidant Personality Disorder is a serious personalitydisorder that affects many of us Americans today. Hopefully,people will learn more about the personality disorder so thatthey can try to stop Avoidant Personality Disorder from happeningearly in his or her or even in their infants lives. I hope thatthere will be a medical cure for this disorder later in life.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

What Is Gender Performativity free essay sample

All of us have been assigned a â€Å"sex† when we are born, and we are bound to be men or women. Many of us believe that we belong to a particular sex whilst sex is natural, gender is social and culture constructed. Sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women such as reproductive organs; gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. [i] To put it another way, male and female are sex categories, while masculine and feminine are gender categories. In this contemporary society, for males, behavioral traits generally considered masculine include independent, non-emotional, aggressive, tough-skinned, competitive, strong, active, self-confident. In contrast, for females, behavioral traits generally considered feminine include dependent, emotional, passive, sensitive, weak, accepting. Have you ever think that, why a male must act like a man, a female must act like a woman? It is all because of gender socialization. We will write a custom essay sample on What Is Gender Performativity? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page During this process, we learned how to behave in the society, to act the expected role of men or women. In other words, that is all of us are taught to perform scripts of the belonged sex. Judith Butler argues that gender is â€Å"performative† and is constructed through â€Å"repeated acts of gender practice. In the following I will give explanation on Judith Butler’s arguments, and based on Bulter’s view, critical analyze the contemporary ideas of masculinity and femininity by discussing people’s clothing, see how are they being gendered. In Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, Judith Butler mentioned gender is an act. The action of gender requires a performance that is repeated. This repetition is at once a reenactment and reexperiencing of a set of meanings already socially established and it is the mundane and ritualized form of their legitimation. Although there are individual bodies that enact these significations by becoming stylized into gendered modes, this â€Å"action† is a public action. These actions are formed by the temporal and collective dimensions, gender is an identity tenuously constituted in time, constituted in an exterior space through a stylized repetition of cts. Gender is instituted through the stylization of the body and, hence, must be understood as the mundane way in which bodily gestures, movements, and enactments of various kinds constitute the illusion of an abiding gendered self. This formulation moves the conception of gender off the ground of a substantial model of identity to one that requires a conception of a constituted social temporality. The act that o ne does, the act that one performs, is, in a sense, an act that has been going on before one arrived on the scene. ii] Hence, gender is an act which has been rehearsed, much as a script survives the particular actors who make use of it, but which requires individual actors in order to be actualized and reproduced as reality once again. [iii] Butler thinks that gender is performative which sees gender is the effect of a series of acts, how we act and walk and speak and talk in ways that consolidate an impression of being a man or being a woman, we have to nominate ourselves as either male or female, which means, it is constructed through multiple acts of gender practice. In Adorned in Dreams: Fashion and Modernity, Elizabeth Wilson stated that â€Å"fashion is obsessed with gender, defines and redefines the gender boundary. †[iv] In this contemporary society, fashion is androgynous, however, we use fashion as a tool to help us to perform the script, and let others to have a clearer identification of our gender. Therefore, fa is one of the most effective examples to demonstrate how masculinity and femininity are gendered. Clothing clarifies cultural ideas about gender; it helps in constructing self-controlling, self-regulating subjects with their â€Å"proper looks†; it adds layers of cultural meanings onto the body. Vision is the first thing to attract peoples attention, clothing is an indicator which help us to determine the sex of a person, for example, there are only little appearance differences between infant boys and infant girls, parents most often use clothing to avoid confusion. Boys are typically dressed in blue color, and often decorated with sporting, cars or superheros prints; girls are dressed in pink and decorated with flowers or hearts. [v] In 2010, there was a news â€Å"Rooms with a hue: The all-pink and all-blue photographs that prove girls and boys develop gender specific preferences to colour† by Daily Mail Reporter, it shows that girls usually like pink and boys usually like blue. [vi] However, before World War II, girl would be thought as butch if she wearing pink. At that time, pink was the boys colour (because its an offshoot of angry red) and blue was the girls colour (because it was thought to be calming and serene). [vii] This can indicate that colour performance is gendered, people set a value on one colour, and use that colour to help them perform their scripts better. Nowadays, blue provides a energetic feeling while pink is a girlish and gentle. Not only the use of colour, but also the types and the cuttings of clothing can illustrate that appearance is gendered. In order to emphasise male and female bodily features, the shoulders part of suit of men are stiffened, and the womens clothing is usually skinny which these can add â€Å"masculinity† and â€Å"femininity† to the body. [viii] The suit especially the stiffened shoulders, can help broadening the shoulders and chest, shows that men are strong. Also, men’s bodies are rendered invisible, which ignored their erotic display and men’s suits are usually promoting â€Å"professional† images of male, show that they are independent and competitive.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Operation Management Essay example

Operation Management Essay example Operation Management Essay example C H A P T E R Location Strategies 8 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. FedEx’s key location concept is the central hub concept, with Memphis selected for several reasons, including its being in the middle of the country and having very few hours of bad weather closures. 2. The major reason for U.S. ï ¬ rms to locate overseas is often lower labor costs, but as this chapter and Chapter 2 suggest, there are a number of considerations. 3. The major reason foreign ï ¬ rms build in the U.S. is to satisfy the demand for foreign goods in the United States while reducing transportation cost and foreign exchange risk; in addition, U.S. locations allow foreign ï ¬ rms to circumvent quotas and/or tariffs. 4. Clustering is the tendency of ï ¬ rms to locate near competitors. 5. Different weights can be given to different factors. Personal preferences are included. 6. The qualitative approach usually considers many more factors, but its results are less exact. 7. Clustering examples in the service sector include fast-food restaurants, shoe and jewelr y stores in a shopping mall, and theme parks. 8. Factors to consider when choosing a country: I I I I I I I Environmental regulations Incentives Proximity to raw materials/customers Land/construction costs 10. Franchise operations may add new units per year; Exxon, McDonald’s and Wal-Mart add hundreds of units per year, almost a daily location decision. For such organizations, the location decision becomes more structured, more routine. Perhaps by repeating this process they discover what makes their strategic locations decisions successful. 11. Factors affecting location decisions: labor productivity, foreign exchange, changing attitudes toward the industry, unions, employment, zoning, pollution, and taxes. 12. The center of gravity method assumes that cost is directly proportional to both distance and volume shipped. For service facilities, revenue is assumed to be directly proportional to proximity to markets. 13. Locational break-even analysis three steps: I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Exchange rates Government stability (political risk) Communications systems within the country and to the home ofï ¬ ce Wage rates Productivity Transportation costs Language Tariffs Taxes Attitude towards foreign investors/incentives Legal system Ethical standards Cultural issues Supplies availability Market locations Corporate desires Attractiveness of region Labor issue Utilities I Step 1: Determine ï ¬ xed and variable cost for each location. Step 2: Plot the costs for each location, with costs on the vertical axis of the graph and annual volume on the horizontal axis. Step 3: Select the location that has the lowest total cost for the expected production volume. 14. The issue of weight or volume gain and weight or volume loss during processing is important, and supports the manufacturing side of the saying (weight loss during mining and reï ¬ ning, for example, suggests shipping after processing). But JIT may be more easily accomplished when suppliers are clustered near the customer. And some services (such as Internet sales) can take place at tremendous distances without sacriï ¬ cing close contact. 15. Besides low wage rates, productivity should be considered also. Employees with poor training, poor education, or poor work habits are not a good buy. Moreover, employees who cannot or will not reach their place of work are not much good to the organization. 16. Service location techniques: regression models to determine importance of various factors, factor rating method, trafï ¬ c counts, demographic analysis of drawing area, purchasing power analysis of area, center-of-gravity method, and geographic information system. 17. The distri butor is more concerned with transportation and storage costs, and the supermarket more concerned with proximity to markets. The distributor will focus more on roads, overall population density (store density), while the supermarket will focus 9. Factors to consider in a

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Do standards hinder innovation in the IT Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Do standards hinder innovation in the IT - Essay Example For instance, in Technology Infrastructure Library, the practice is less applicable to provide the service management for the information. Having the standards in place will challenge the people to create innovative and new ways of applying the framework and in developing new services that could not be delivered assuming the standards were not in place. Therefore, from the discussion it is evident that innovation and standard are complexly and uniquely related. The value of having standard in position is important for purposes of economic advancement (Hawkins, Mansell and Skea, 1995). The standard therefore, inhibit the innovation process through codifying some of the inefficient technologies such as QWERTY keyboards. For this reason, when standards and boundaries are imposed on innovation, there more likely that the amount of creativity will be limited. People will unconsciously or naturally limit their level of